I have read a little about the valor and honor of these soldiers and have seen reenactors at events. They were unsung heros for a long time...
Buffalo soldiers, name given to the African-American U.S. army regiments commissioned by Congress to patrol the American West after the Civil War. Consisting of two infantry and two cavalry regiments, they were the first such units chartered in peacetime. The troops, which formed one fifth of the army's forces in the West, served as guards for pioneer wagon trains and helped in the development of Western towns. Still known as buffalo soldiers, the all-black regiments distinguished themselves in the Spanish-American War and World War II. They continued in army service until the U.S. armed forces were integrated in 1952. Largely unsung until the late 20th cent., they were memorialized in a 1994 bronze monument at Fort Leavenworth, Kans.
In 1866 and 1867, soon after the Civil War, Congress organized the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry and the Twenty-Fourth and Twenty-Fifth Infantry Regiments for western duty against the Indian Nations.
The Native Americans had such great respect for the fighting abilities of black solders that they called them "Buffalo Soldiers," because of the soldiers' strength and courage they displayed during battle.
Buffalo soldiers were stationed at frontier forts and other military outposts from Texas to the Dakota territories to help with the westward expansion of the United States. "They helped build the West!!!"
During the Indian Wars campaign from 1866 to 1892, First Sergeant Emanuel Stance of the 9th Cavalry, stationed at Fort McKavett, Texas, was the first African-American to receive the Medal of Honor in the Indian Wars. By the close of the Indian Wars, there would be ten more Medals of Honor awarded to Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th Cavalry.